India by virtue of its varied topography, climate and, Special Interest Tours habitats is very rich in biodiversity resources starting from cold desert to the tropical littoral forests. It is also rich in its folk and traditional knowledge of properties and uses of these resources. Biodiversity resources are valued directly such as food for human, fodder for animals, energy source as fuel, nutrients like leaf manure and structural materials like pharmaceuticals, fibre, fragrances, flavours, dyes and other materials of special interest.
In India, the diversity of plant species, within the species and habitats are very remarkable. A record of India’s plant wealth indicates that there are approximately 17500 species of angiosperms, 48 species of gymnosperms, 1200 species of ferns, 6500 species of algae, 14500 species of fungi, 2500 species of lichens, 845 species of liverworts and 1980 species of mosses
India has 47,000 species of the flowering and non-flowering plants representing about 12 % of the recorded world’s flora. Out of 47,000 species of plants, 5150 are endemic and 2,532 species are found in the Himalayas and the adjoining regions and 1,782 in the peninsular India. Areas rich in endemism are north-eastern India, the southern parts of peninsular India, the Western Ghats and the north-western and eastern Himalaya.
India is one of the twelve megadiversity countries in the world with a ranking of tenth in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. Among the 18 hot spots in the world, two are found in India i.e. The Western Ghats and the Eastern Himalayas. Together they have a very high percentage of endemic species of both flora and fauna.
Through the sketch itineraries mentioned herewith we have tried to provide in depth exposure to people interested in flora and fauna of India.